By Babar Zaidi | ET Bureau|Jan 08, 2018, 06.30 AM IST | Economic Times
Most of us are aware of deductions available to a taxpayer on gross total income. The most well known are the deductions under Section 80C. Here are a few more breaks available under 80C and various other sections of the Income Tax Act that you can make the most of to further reduce your taxable income.
1. Education loan
If you have taken an education loan for yourself, your spouse or children, or a student you are legal guardian to, you can claim this deduction under Section 80E for the interest paid on the loan amount. The entire interest paid in a financial year is eligible for deduction without any limit. School tuition fees also qualify for tax benefit under Section 80C. The amount of tax benefit is within the overall limit of the section of Rs 1.5 lakh a year. For tax purposes, the fee lowers the total gross income of the taxpayer, which in turn, reduces the tax liability.
2. Medical insurance premium
The amount paid as medical insurance premium is eligible for deduction under Section 80D. The maximum deduction that can be claimed under this section is Rs 60,000, but there are many sub-limits. An individual can avail a maximum deduction of Rs 25,000 for premium paid for themself, their spouse or dependent children. An additional deduction of Rs 25,000 is allowed on premium paid for parents. If the policyholder is a senior citizen, the deduction limit is Rs 30,000. One can also claim a tax break of Rs 5,000 on preventive health checks.
3. Home loans
- Repayment of the principal amount of a home loan is allowed as tax deduction under Section 80C. This deduction is available irrespective of the year for which the payment has been made. The amount paid as stamp duty and registration fee is also allowed as a deduction under Section 80C.
- A tax break for payment of interest on home loans is allowed under Section 24. The maximum tax deduction allowed of a self-occupied property is Rs 2 lakh.
- Section 80EE provides for an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 for interest on home loans for first-time buyers. In this case, the loan amount should be below Rs 35 lakh and the value of the house should be lower than Rs 50 lakh.
4. Interest on savings account
Interest earned on savings bank account is allowed as deduction under Section 80TTA. The maximum amount that can be claimed is Rs 10,000. This does not mean that interest of up to Rs 10,000 is exempted income. You should show this amount as income from other sources in your ITR and then claim deduction under Section 80TTA.
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