There are many easy ways to quickly improve your credit history and score. But if you are not careful, these measures may even jeopardise your financial security
Shaikh Zoaib Saleem | First Published: Mon, Nov 27 2017. 12 37 AM IST | Livemint.com
If you need a loan to buy something you cannot fund immediately, you approach a financial institution—typically a bank or a non-banking financial company (NBFC). When you do that, the financial institution runs a background check on you, from its own database (if you are an existing customer) and also from a credit information bureau. The credit information bureau is authorized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to gather information on loans and borrowers from banks and analyse it to arrive at a score of creditworthiness of an individual. If your creditworthiness is good, you would get a loan relatively easily and at better terms. If not, either the loan will be rejected or you will be charged a higher interest rate. This is especially true in case of personal loans. The institutions’ decision to lend is based in large measure on the credit score and the credit report.
What is a credit score?
It is a number based on your credit report, which is a summary of your past and current borrowing and repayment history. If you were regular with repaying loans, including your credit card bills, your credit score is likely to be higher. This score helps banks assess your loan repayment capacity and your chances of defaulting on it. “Credit score is derived from the credit history of an individual. A consumer needs to have a minimum of 6 months of repayment track record on a loan or credit card or closed credit accounts less than 2 years old before a credit bureau can generate a credit score,” said Hrushikesh Mehta, vice-president and head of direct-to-consumer business, TransUnion CIBIL. A credit score is created as your lending and repayment relationship with financial institutions evolves. However, if you are new to credit, here are some ways you can quickly start to build a credit score.
Credit cards or personal loans
If you are new in the workforce, you can start by getting a low-limit credit card from the bank where you have a salary account, said Sumit Bali, senior executive vice president and head-personal assets, Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. “Based on their income, banks can give them a card with low limit. Use that card sensibly and build a credit history,” he said.
In the past, people considered taking personal loans to build their credit score. However, with a personal loan you will necessarily have to spend your money in paying the interest, whereas with credit card repayments within the stipulated time, you do not have to shell out extra money. For slightly older professionals, about 35 years old, credit history is not much of a worry if their bank account status and average balance are good, and investments and tax returns are in place. They “don’t really need a credit card to prove credit worthiness. Any bank would sensibly look at it and take a call,” Bali said.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending platforms are an emerging option for creating and enhancing your credit history. The RBI has recognized these platforms as special category NBFCs and has mandated them to share lending data with credit information bureaus. “Once the P2P lenders receive their licence, they will be able to begin data submission. Once that happens, P2P lending will become a viable option in helping one build a credit score,” said Mehta. However, in this case too, you will have to pay an interest on the borrowed amount.
In some cases, especially where customers have a long relationship with their bank, the banks may also look at own data to determine creditworthiness, Bali added. “Credit score by and large is a good indicator but it may not be the only indicator,” he said.
Alternative credit scoring
Evaluating someone who has never taken a loan can be difficult. This is where alternative credit scoring comes in. Here, instead of relying on a credit score, lenders consider your transactions and behavioural data like bill payments, online buying behaviour and information from your social media platforms to understand your repayment capacity.
“Often people are refused big-ticket loans like a home loan for the lack of credit history, even if their finances are in order,” said Abhishek Agarwal, chief executive officer and co-founder, CreditVidya, a credit advisory that also works on alternative credit scores.
While the RBI-regulated credit bureaus are currently not allowed to use alternative data for credit scoring; in other developed markets parameters like utility bill payments, insurance premium payments have been used for credit scoring (read more on it here.
However, financial institutions including top public and private sector banks and NBFCs in India, have started using alternative data in multiple verifications and validations across the credit value chain, Agarwal said. “Innovative offerings like pre-approved offers or instant loans are leveraging alternative data from multiple sources to provide seamless customer experience,” he said, adding that leveraging alternative data for credit risk assessment of secured loans is still distant. Banks use the alternative scores “in conjunction with other things, like data that you have about the customer. This is happening for personal consumption products like credit cards and salaried personal loans. We are putting it to use but what is the outcome from that, it is too early to say,” Bali said.
While credit cards and loans help to build a credit history and score, caution needs to be exercised. If used carelessly, these can put you in a debt trap, and ruin your credit history too.
Not just that, you should also keep your digital and transactional behaviour in check, as going forward more and more data could be used to assign you a credit score.
Source : https://goo.gl/m7Ns7g
Ahmedabad Mirror | Updated: Oct 17, 2017, 02.00 AM IST
This is something every Amdavadi would dread — misuse of your IT return, Aadhar card and PAN card. The email account of an officer in a private company was hacked and his IT return, Aadhar and PAN cards were recovered. Using copies of the documents, impostors tried to secure car loans from various banks in the city. The cheating came to light after an alert banker called up the officer to verify the documents.
Rajesh Panchal (33) filed an FIR at Navrangpura police station against three persons under IT Act and for misusing his documents. Panchal who resides at Sagar Apartment, near Bhavsar Hostel in New Vadaj, has been working as a team leader at a private company in Chandkheda for the past seven years. On October 7, Panchal received a call from Cosmos bank trying to verify his role as guarantor for someone seeking a car loan. A shocked Panchal said he had not stood as guarantor for anyone. Bank manager Sandeep Shah called Panchal to the bank and showed him copies of his Aadhar card, PAN card and two years’ IT returns.
The documents belonged to Rajesh but the photo and signatures on it were of another person. A person named Kaushik Shukla had applied for a car loan and had provided Panchal’s documents as his guarantor. From the bank, Panchal called up the police control room. At the time Kaushik’s friend Mahendra Chopra was also present at the bank. The bank manager, Panchal and Chopra were taken to the Navrangpura police station, where Chopra promised to produce the person named Rajesh who provided the documents.
Thereafter Panchal checked his online CIBIL score and came to know that his documents were used to secure loans from seven other banks. Panchal also found Shukla had used his name to acquire possession and allotment letter of a house, besides opening a bank account. Panchal filed an FIR with Navrangpura police against the unknown person named Rajeshkumar (resident of Amardeep Residency in Nana Chiloda), Mahendra Chopra (resident of Sayona City in Ghatlodia) and Kaushik Shukla (resident of Kulin tenament in Vasna).
Navrangpura PI R V Desai said, “On the basis of Rajesh Panchal’s complaint we have filed the offence and begun probe. Mahendra Chopra has been arrested in the past in Navrangpura and Rajasthan in a case of cheating.” Panchal said, “As my sister is a bank employee she had advised me to check my CIBIL. From there I got to know that loans under my name had been sought from seven banks. The documents had reached the bank manager which had the accused’s name and phone number on it. But the con came to light as the bank manager called on the number mentioned on the IT return documents. I believe this is the work of a gang. My documents were obtained by hacking my email id and password.”
By Vandana Ramnani | Sep 14, 2017 03:54 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com
Jaypee home buyers want interim relief from court that they should be allowed to stop paying EMIs until flats are delivered to them as they have no hope yet
More than 100 homebuyers, who have invested their hard-earned money in Jaypee projects, are planning to move court to grant them interim relief to allow them to stop paying their equated monthly instalments (EMIs) until completed residential units are delivered to them.
“Why should we pay EMI for a non-existent property? What is the monetary relief we are getting from the September 11 SC order? We are not asking for suspension of EMIs – we are only asking for deferment of our EMIs until the insolvency resolution professional (IRP) comes up with a resolution plan and preferably possession of the flat is given to us without any interest or penalty to ensure that we are not charged or penalised for the delay in paying EMIs,” says Shilpa Vij, a buyer who bought a house under the subvention scheme in 2011and started paying EMI in 2013 in the hope of getting her house in 2014.
“We want an interim relief. EMIs and monthly rents are draining us and there is no hope yet that we will get a flat,” she says.
Ramakant Rai, Trilegal, who is advising Jaypee home buyers, says that buyers have two options – one, they can write to RBI or the National Housing Bank concerning their problems and two they can file a writ petition either in the High Court or the Supreme Court concerning the issue.
“Many buyers have already sent complaints to RBI and NHB. RBI can act on the basis of these complaints. Also, in case the issue is raised through a writ petition before the Supreme Court, the SC on grounds of equity to protect the interests of home buyers can issue directions to RBI, NHB or directly to banks to allow them to hold EMIs until units are fully developed,” he says.
Homebuyers have alleged that banks did not do their due diligence and disbursed loans even when project approvals were not in place and that banks had given pre-approved loans for the project.
“We have filed RTIs with the Noida Authority and received a response from them that approvals were sanctioned only in 2012 whereas projects have been sold since 2008. The requisite permissions were not in place at the time of the project launch. There was lack of due diligence on the part of banks as they had disbursed loans even when plans were not in place,” says Pramod Rawat, a buyer.
S K Suri, a home buyer, who has filed RTIs with the authorities for information regarding dates of applications made by the developer and final approval of plans, says that he has been given copies of approval letters for seven Jaypee projects, details of the builder filing an application for approval and the date of the authority granting approval.
“Most of the approvals were received only after 2011 whereas most bookings/loan disbursements started way back in 2008,” he says, adding it took him nearly four months to get a response to his RTIs and several rounds to the authority’s office. One response is still awaited.
Most homebuyers have decided against not paying their monthly EMIs for fear that their CIBIL score and future credit history may get impacted. But legal experts say that in case the court intervenes in this matter, it can direct CIBIL to not touch their scores. “Also, buyers are not asking for a refund, they are only asking not to pay EMIs until they get possession of the flats which has been delayed by almost five to eight years,” they say.
Legal experts also say that the September 11 SC order puts a moratorium on all cases against Jaypee. ‘All suits and proceeding instituted against JIL shall in terms of Section 14(1)(a) remain stayed as we have directed the IRP to remain in Management,’ says the order. “Homebuyers can argue that this is a uni-dimensional order as homebuyers cannot file cases against the builder in other courts such as NCDRC or RERA. It should also protect home buyers and allow them to stop paying EMIs and banks should not proceed against buyers until the time homes are delivered,” they say.
“The only possible way that home buyers have recourse to the bank is if the deal has been brokered by the bank’s real estate arm or if the bank has disbursed the full amount rather than construction-linked progress payment. Even in such cases they should issue a notice to the bank first claiming damages before taking any precipitate action such as stopping pre- EMI interest payment,” says CA Harsh Roongta, a fee only investment adviser.
Some simple and straight rules to not fall in the vicious cycle of debt and high interest payments
Retrieved on 20th July 2017 | Moneycontrol.com
Shopping or paying with cards is one of the easiest things these days. Thanks to the magic of all the apps and payment gateways, using a credit card is as simple as a few dabs on the mobile screen.
But even with all the ease and convenience, paying your credit card bills requires real money. The reason many people fall into a debt trap is because they do not realise that however long the credit cycle might be, one always has to pay every penny (often times more) that you spend.
To not fall in the vicious cycle of debt and high interest payments, there are some simple and straight rules that one can follow.
Be prompt with payments
There’s a reason why credit cards are called credit, because you owe the money spent on the card to the lender. Hence, don’t expect as leeway or grace when it comes to making payments. Credit card companies are very stringent about any delays and promptly impose late payment fees, etc. Also, any delay or missing payment is also reported to credit rating agencies like CIBIL or Equifax and impact the credit score. Hence, the need to make timely payments cannot be truly overstated.
Don’t burn the credit limit
So, your card gives you a high credit limit, say 1 lakh. Why bother with the spend? Burn it all and pay later? That is surely not a good idea, namely because the percentage of credit limit consumed every month is a parameter in accounting the credit score. Hence, you are not considered to be of sound profile, if you use up say 90% of your card every month. Also, in case you track up a big bill each month, there is a possibility that you might land in financial tight spot.
Number of credit cards
People love to flaunt the cards. There’s a common belief that the more credit cards one has, the better financially networked he or she is. Well, nothing could be further from truth. The more the number of cards, the higher the possibility for over-spending. Also, each time, a credit card application is made; it is registered in the CIBIL records hence, it is best to have 2 or maximum 3 cards. In case, you desire upgrade your card to a higher one.
Typically, there is an interest-free period on credit card purchases, which can even go up to 45-plus days. To avail this benefit, the outstanding amount has to be nil. So, if you roll over certain amount to next month’s billing, there’s no interest-free period on the new purchases.
Cash withdrawals on your card do not come with an interest-free period. There could be a one-time fee plus interest charges that start from day one till you repay the amount. Given the interest rates charges and so on, withdrawing cash from credit cards should be strictly avoided, unless there is an urgency.
In the end, the simple mantra of happy credit-card-living is simple; spend less, pay all. With prompt payments and credit management, the credit card can be a nice tool that can aid you in everyday life, right from paying for your cabs or buying a new shirt. So, follow these steps and enjoy a stress free life.
A London based fintech company, RedGirraffe, is offering a facility to pay rent through credit card using its online platform “RentPay”.
Renu Yadav | New Delhi, June 15, 2017 | Business Today
Rent is generally one of the biggest component of the monthly expenditure that you make. Now, you can not only pay your rent through credit card but can also earn reward points on the amount paid. A London based fintech company, RedGirraffe, is offering a facility to pay rent through credit card using its online platform “RentPay”. For this, it has tied up with various banks including State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, IndusInd Bank, Axis Bank and Kotak Mahindra Bank. So, if you have a credit card from one of the banks that have collaborated with RedGirraffe, you can use it to pay rent.
How you can do it
To enroll for this facility you have to visit the website http://www.redgirraffe.com and create a RG Property ID by filling up the details of the rental property and attaching the rental agreement. The tenant will mention the bank account details of the landlord in the form. After submitting the form, a mail will be sent to the tenant’s mail id for giving standing instructions to the bank. After this one time registration, your monthly rent will be deducted automatically on a predetermined date.
“Bank and RedGirraffe.com have strong processes of inbuilt compliance and other tenant verification/reference checks. All the bank accounts remain automatically linked to Aadhaar and PAN details. In cases where the accounts are not linked, such customers are not allowed to transact via RentPay anyway. Apart from this level 1 verification mode, there are another 17 point checks (carried out between the bank and RedGirraffe.com) during each tenant onboarding. The verification happens over a period of 50 working days,” said Manoj Nair, Founder and CEO, RedGirafffe.com.
Why it is beneficial
The advantages of using this platform is you get 45-60 days of credit as your rent remains in your savings bank account and you earn returns on the amount. Also, if you use credit card, you can avail reward points depending on the offer that your bank is giving. “Since rent payments are typically large transactions, such spends enable customers to earn significant reward points. These points can be redeemed against the banks catalogue of over 200 options including products, gift vouchers, e-vouchers and air miles. Cardholders can even redeem points to pay their outstanding on the card,” adds Vijay Jasuja, CEO, SBI Cards. Apart from this it will also help the tenant build a good CIBIL score which can help him or her get loans at relatively better rates compared to a person with no or bad CIBIL score.
What are the charges?
A transaction fees of 0.39 per cent with a minimum of Rs 39 per transaction will be charged from the credit card holders of ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Axis Bank and IndusInd Bank. Apart from this a service tax will be levied on it. So, for every Rs 10,000 rent paid the gross transaction fees including service tax comes to around Rs 45. However, in case of SBI Cards, an additional banking transaction charge of 1.75 per cent plus taxes shall be charged extra by the bank.
Retrived on 08/05/2017 | Creditseva.com
DPD in the CIBIL Report stands for Days Past Due. This term relates to the accounts section of the credit report. It basically explains the manner in which you have been clearing your outstanding dues related to your loans and credit cards. DPD clearly explains the number of days an instalment for an EMI or credit card bill has been missed or delayed. DPD indicates the number of days a bill or instalment payment has got on a delayed.
A DPD of ‘000’ depicts that there are no payments that are due by you. It basically means that you have cleared all your dues on a regular basis and on time.
A DPD of ‘XXX’ depicts that the lender has not recorded your information for the current month to CIBIL.
It is important to comprehend that if you have a DPD other that ‘000’ or ‘XXX’ on your CIBIL Report, then it is implied that you have not been able to pay the dues related to your credit cards and loans.
If you have been making all your outstanding payments on time regularly, then your DPD will be either “000” or “XXX”.
Impact of DPD on CIBIL Score
DPD impacts the CIBIL Score differently in different circumstances. If the DPD is “000”, then it has a positive impact on the CIBIL Score of an individual. If the DPD is “XXX”, then there is no impact of it on the CIBIL Score. If the DPD is some number instead of”000”, then there is a negative impact on the CIBIL Score.
Correction of DPD entries in CIBIL Report
Borrowers do not default their payments always with an intention to do so. It sometimes happens without any intention. This happens when some unforeseen circumstances arise. These unforeseen circumstances include layoff, divorce, and bankruptcy.
Example: If an individual has lost his job and due to this, he has made a default on the credit card payments that were due in his name. Usually, he would be recommended to close the account. But doing this is not the optimal solution for this problem. In such situation, the most feasible solution is to restructure the total amount that is related to the credit card.
It is very crucial to have a CIBIL report that is healthy so that you have a good track record along with a credit history that is good.
CIBIL Report FAQs:
1. What happens to the DPD value when there is a default on a payment?
In a case of a payment default, the DPD starts getting a negative number.
2. What is the DPD when a cheque gets bounced?
If a cheque has been bounced and when a loan payment has been missed, then there will be one entry of DPD for the respective month. This relates to a value that is 30 and it depicts that the dues for that month have not been cleared.
3. What happens when you have cleared the due payment in the next month?
If you have cleared your last months due payment, then the DPD value in the next month becomes normal.
4. What happens if the due payment is not made?
If an individual has not cleared the payments that are due, then a value of DPD will increase and reach 60. This signifies that you have not cleared your dues from the last 2 months.
5. Can the value of DPD be changed?
No, the DPD value cannot be changed at all. If your lender does not find your DPD to be good, then your loan or credit card application request will get rejected. In such a scenario, you need to wait for a certain period of time until some new information is added to your credit report.
Banks will pay fees to Cibil, while customers need not pay any charges
Priya Nair | Mumbai | March 31, 2017 Last Updated at 01:43 IST | Business Standard
TransUnion Cibil is now helping borrowers get the best loan available based on their credit scores and history, in possible competition with online retail loan aggregators or marketplaces.
The oldest credit information company in the country has started Cibil Marketplace, which is a formal way of helping individual consumers secure loans, said Hrushikesh Mehta, vice president and head, Direct to Consumer Interactive at TransUnion Cibil.
Banks will pay fees to Cibil, while customers need not pay any charges.
So far, Cibil has tied up with 13 banks to offer retail loans like personal loans, credit cards, loan against property, home loans and business loans.
The difference between Cibil and other marketplaces is that in the case of the latter the credit report is accessed after the customer clicks the loan offer, while in the case of Cibil the customer first checks the credit score and then applies for the loan.
When a borrower logs on to Cibil’s website to check the credit score, he has the option to apply for a loan. Then he has to submit his income and KYC details.
Based on the credit score and other criteria, the borrower will get a list of banks that are willing to give him a loan.
He can choose one bank and apply for the loan. The bank will then get in touch with the borrower to complete the processing of the loan.
“Chances of the loan getting approved are higher because banks will offer the loan only to eligible borrowers. For unsecured loans credit report plays a large part in approving the loan,” said Hrushikesh Mehta.
Other market places, too, will eventually move to the pre-screening model being followed by Cibil, he added.
While the service was launched in the pilot phase a couple of years back, Cibil has started focusing on it in the last few months after approval from the Reserve Bank of India and its stake holders, some of which are banks.
Since February, when Cibil started offering free credit score and report as per RBI guidelines, 40,000 consumers have availed the service. About 20-35 per cent of those who checked their reports and found they were overdue paid off their debts, Mehta said.